It is unlawful for an employer to make a deduction from a worker’s wages unless it is required by law or the worker gives their consent.
The Tribunals have determined whether particular types of payment are included within the definition of “wages” such as bonus, commission and holiday pay. It does not include any payment in respect of expenses or a pension.
A claim must be brought within three months of the date of payment of the wages from which the deduction was made.
Where a complaint is made in respect of a series of deductions, the time limit begins to run from the date of the last deduction in the series.
There is a two-year back-stop on past deductions limiting the total amount that can be recovered.