The UK’s new points-based immigration system – 7 things employers need to know…
Following on from our recent article about employing EU Nationals after Brexit, now is a good time to remind employers that from 1 January 2021, the UK launches a new points-based immigration system which is designed to treat applicants who want to live and work in the UK consistently regardless of where they come from, bringing an end to freedom of movement between the UK and EU countries.
Here’s a short rundown of the key parts of the new system:
1. Employers will need a Sponsor Licence to recruit workers from outside the UK from 1 January 2021
Currently, employers only need a Sponsor Licence to recruit workers from countries not in the EU or European Economic Area (EEA), but Brexit means that a Sponsor Licence will be required in order to recruit almost anyone who is not a UK or Irish National. Existing Sponsor Licenced employers do not need to reapply unless their Licence is due to expire, but employers who do not currently have a Sponsor Licence will need to apply online via Gov.UK.
2. EU Nationals living in the UK by 31st December 2020 are not affected
They have until 30 June 2021 to apply under the EU Settlement Scheme for Pre-Settled or Settled Status, and therefore do not need to apply separately under the new immigration scheme. Irish Citizens also do not need to apply under the scheme if they wish to live or work in the UK.
3. Under the new system, most employees coming to the UK to work will need to prove three mandatory characteristics
These are 1) an offer of a job from an approved sponsor, which automatically awards 20 points; 2) the job offer is of a skill level equivalent to an A-Level or above, which automatically awards 20 points; and 3) English speaking ability at the intermediate level at B1 (on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, which automatically awards 10 points.
4. A total of 70 points is required under the new system to be able to work in the UK
50 points are awarded via the mandatory characteristics above. The remaining 20 points can be awarded based on ‘tradeable’ characteristics which include the salary of the role, the qualifications of the applicant, and whether or not the role is deemed to be ‘in demand’.
5. A minimum salary or ‘going rate’ must be offered by employers for the role they are recruiting to
In most cases, the job offer must include a basic salary that is either £25,600pa or the ‘going rate’ for the specific occupation, whichever is higher. In practice, there is scope to offer a lower salary (but no lower than £20,480pa) as applicants can use their tradeable characteristics to make up the points lost by the salary shortfall.
6. There are a very limited number of entry routes which do not require an employer to have a Sponsor Licence
These include the Global Talent route (aimed at attracting recognised global leaders or other highly talented individuals across all sectors), Graduates who have completed a degree or PhD in the UK, and the Intra-Company Transfer route which will allow large multi-national companies to temporarily relocate their key employees in the UK or other countries.
7. There are severe penalties for employers who get it wrong
Employers can be jailed for up to five years and/or face an unlimited fine if they are found to have employed someone who they knew, or could reasonably have believed, did not have the right to work in the UK. Employers also face civil fines of up to £20,000 per employee if they fail to carry out Right to Work checks properly. Employers must therefore check their employees information carefully – making sure that they see original documents, take clear copies, and keep accurate records.
We Can Help You
If you have any questions or concerns about recruiting under the new immigration system, or if you need help with Right to Work checks, please get in touch with our specialist Employment Law team through this website or by calling 0330 404 0778.
Our partners at Ashtons HR Consulting are also on hand to assist you.
The information in this article was correct at 3.30pm on 10 December 2020.
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